Design & Technology

National Curriculum 2014 – KS2
'Make 

  • select from and use a wider range of tools and equipment to perform practical tasks, such as cutting, shaping, joining and finishing, accurately 
  • select from and use a wider range of materials and components, including construction materials, textiles and ingredients, according to their functional properties and aesthetic qualities

Evaluate 
  • investigate and analyse a range of existing products 
  • evaluate their ideas and products against their own design criteria and consider the views of others to improve their work

Cooking and Nutrition
  • understand and apply the principles of a healthy and varied diet 
  • prepare and cook a variety of predominantly savoury dishes using a range of cooking techniques 
  • understand seasonality, and know where and how a variety of ingredients are grown, reared, caught and processed.'

Phase Two
  • Purim Hamantashen - Judaism
The traditional dessert for the Jewish Festival Purim is Hamantashen, a triangular cookie usually filled with poppy seed or prune /jam filling. The festival remembers the time when Jews living in Persia were saved by the courage of a young woman called Esther. The triangular shape of the cookies represents the hat wore by Haman , the villain of the story, pupils may wish to find out more about the story.
Pupils could follow the recipe to make Hamantashen and experiment with different fillings. When tessellated together the Biscuit can form the Star of David.

Phase Three
  • Simnel Cake – Christianity
Simnel cake is a light fruit cake, similar to Christmas cake, covered in marzipan, then toasted, and eaten during the Easter period in the United Kingdom, Ireland and some other countries. A layer of marzipan or almond paste is also baked in to the middle of the cake. On top of the cake, around the edge, are eleven marzipan balls to represent the true disciples of Jesus: Judas is omitted. In some variations Christ is also represented by a ball placed at the centre.

Simnel cakes have been known since medieval times. More recently, they became a Mothering Sunday tradition, when young girls in service would make one to take home to their mothers on their day off. The word simnel probably derived from the Latin word simila, meaning fine, wheaten flour with which the cakes were made. An alternative explanation is that Simon and Nel could not agree to bake or boil the cake, in the end they made have each and joined them together. The cake was named after them Simnel.
Pupils could work with a Learning Support assistant to make the mixture and then make small individual cakes. They could then design their own topping out of marzipan. Recipe Simnel Cake

Phase Four
  • Stuffed Dates - Islam
It is a Muslim tradition to break their fast during Ramadan with dates and water because their prophet Mohammad broke his fast with dates and water nearly 1400 years ago.
There is a recipe for sweet and savoury stuffed dates. Recipe Stuffed Dates

Pupils could experiment with different ingredients for stuffing the dates.